China Family Planning Association (CFPA) is the largest non-governmental network in China active in reproductive health, family planning and HIV/AIDS prevention and care.

CFPA was founded in 1980 and became a full member of International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF) in 1983. CFPA’s mission is to act as a channel for external resources and expertise while taking a role in public mobilization and education for population and health programs.

In its first decade, CFPA established a branch in almost every village in China and mobilized some 94 million members and volunteers. The network soon developed into a two-way channel of communication between the public and the government, and in many cases provided a forum for health professionals and community activists supportive of rational regulation and higher-quality services.

In the mid-1990s, the Association's informal advocacy and monitoring mandate was officially recognized by the central government, which endorsed the CFPA’s role in policy reform and program oversight at local and provincial levels.

China's endorsement of the 1994 ICPD Programme of Action encouraged the CFPA in many parts of China to expand projects already integrating reproductive health with legal rights protecting and women's empowerment into community development and anti-poverty efforts.