It is estimated that 650,000 people are already hit by HIV/AIDS infections in China and 10 million more will be infected by the end of the decade if absence of systematic, community-based education, prevention and care programs continues. The government has committed itself to a coordinated effort to contain the AIDS epidemic and provide care and support to people living with AIDS, but HIV/AIDS education campaigns have been limited to mass media efforts in urban settings and thus tend to miss those at highest risk – young people migrating between the countryside and the cities. CFPA National Council formally adopted HIV/AIDS prevention education as a core element of the organization’s mission, and launched pilot projects in several provinces, focusing on rural areas by making the best use of CFPA‘s extensive network.
Challenges in HIV/AIDS prevention
HIV/AIDS infections are more likely among people
From rural area
With low education
At relatively young age
On move to urban area for jobs
Strategies taken by CFPA in HIV/AIDS prevention campaign
Focus on rural areas
Best use of FPA’s network
To the floating population
As an example, Huaihua Project proved its cost-effective and easy operating approaches to reach the most difficult-to-reach group (floating) by motivating the families to reach their family members. The local FPAs disseminate the relevant information on HIV/AIDS prevention to the family via the network of FPA members, and the message is then forwarded from families to their family members who work outside their home towns.
To those hit by blood transmission
Qixian, situated in Henan Province, was chosen as the project site because the confirmed cases were most hit through blood transmission. Researches have found out that in the underdeveloped counties, people usually get poor education and they do not know much about HIV/AIDS prevention. The goal of this project is to enhance rural folk’s awareness and capability on HIV/AIDS prevention and to develop an alternative cost-effective approach of HIV/AIDS prevention focusing on rural areas in China.
To the high risk population
Sex workers and clients are the high risk groups of HIV/AIDS infection. In order to reach them and provide them with information on how to protect themselves, efforts have been made though some innovative activities including working with the owners of entertainment establishments. CFPA conducts a “condom promotion” project in Liuzhou, Guangxi Province to promote 100% use of condom .
To the out-of-school and ready-to-float youth
The most important thing for the out-of-school youth and the young people who are ready to go out for working to know about is self-protection.
Life planning skills are the main information in the training of this group of people provided by CFPA.